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What is the role of the physiotherapist in paediatric intensive care units? A systematic review of the evidence for respiratory and rehabilitation interventions for mechanically ventilated patients / Ellie Hawkins in Physiotherapy, 2015/4 (2015)
Titre : What is the role of the physiotherapist in paediatric intensive care units? A systematic review of the evidence for respiratory and rehabilitation interventions for mechanically ventilated patients Type de document : Article Auteurs : Ellie Hawkins ; Anne Jones Année de publication : 2015 Article en page(s) : pp. 303-309 Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteurs : HE Vinci
Kinésithérapie (spécialité) ; Respirateurs artificiels ; Unités de soins intensifs ; Unités de soins intensifs pédiatriques
Mots-clés : Intensive Care Units Pediatric Physical Therapy Specialty Physical therapists Kinésithérapeutes Ventilators Mechanical Résumé : Background
Physiotherapy in intensive care units (ICU) has traditionally focussed on the respiratory management of mechanically ventilated patients. Gradually, focus has shifted to include rehabilitation in adult ICUs, though evidence of a similar shift in the paediatric ICU (PICU) is limited.
Review the evidence to determine the role of physiotherapists in the management of mechanically ventilated patients in PICU.
A search was conducted of: PEDro, CINAHL, Medline, PubMed and the Cochrane Library.
Studies involving PICU patients who received physiotherapy while invasively ventilated were included in this review. Those involving neonatal or adult ICU patients, or patients on non-invasive or long-term ventilation, were not included in the study.
All articles were critically appraised by two reviewers and results were analysed descriptively.
Six studies on chest physiotherapy (CPT) met the selection criteria. Results support the use of the expiratory flow increase technique and CPT, especially manual hyperinflation and vibrations, for secretion clearance. Evidence does not support the routine use of either CPT or suction alone. No studies investigating rehabilitation in PICU met selection criteria.
A lack of high level evidence was available to inform this review.
Evidence indicates that CPT is still the focus of physiotherapy intervention in PICU for mechanically ventilated patients, and supports its use for secretion clearance in this setting.
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in Physiotherapy > 2015/4 (2015) . - pp. 303-309[article]