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Auteur Yun-Juan Xie
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Effect of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Gait and Freezing of Gait in Parkinson Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis / Yun-Juan Xie in Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 101, n° 1 (2020)
Titre : Effect of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Gait and Freezing of Gait in Parkinson Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Type de document : Article Auteurs : Yun-Juan Xie ; Qiang Gao ; Cheng-Qi He Année de publication : 2020 Article en page(s) : p. 130-140 Note générale : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.07.013 Langues : Anglais (eng) Descripteurs : HE Vinci
Démarche ; Maladie de Parkinson ; Méta-analyse ; Réadaptation ; Stimulation magnétique transcranienne
Résumé : Objective
The purpose of this review was to systematically assess the effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) intervention on gait in individuals with Parkinson disease (PD).
We searched online electronic databases up to March 28, 2019, including MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and so on.
The inclusion criteria for this review were randomized controlled trials (RCTs), exploring the effect of rTMS in patients diagnosed with idiopathic PD.
Data extraction was performed independently by 2 reviewers based on predefined criteria and the methodologic quality of included studies was quantified by the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale. The outcome measure was walking performance, including walking time (short term and long term), Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, and so on.
Among 14 eligible studies, including 298 participants (mean age ± SD [y], 63.24±9.71; 191 [64%] men) were analyzed in this meta-analysis. Walking time was improved with rTMS compared with sham rTMS (standardized mean difference [SMD] -0.30; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.57 to -0.03; P=.03). The score for the freezing of gait questionnaire did not differ significantly between rTMS and no intervention. Four studies compared TUG between the 2 treatment groups and no significant differences were found between the rTMS and control group (SMD -0.45; 95% CI, -1.32 to 0.41; P=.30). During the off-state, there were no significant differences in estimated effect sizes (SMD=-0.29; 95% CI, -0.79 to 0.21; P=.25), which is significantly different in on-state (SMD -0.98; 95% CI, -1.78 to -0.18; P=.02) evaluation.
The results of the meta-analysis propose the favorable effect of rTMS on walking performance in the short term but not over the long term in individuals with PD.
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in Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation > Vol. 101, n° 1 (2020) . - p. 130-140[article]